Bodrum ( TURKEY)

Bodrum occupies a special place in many people's hearts. A popular home and resort for Turkish artists and intellectuals, Bodrum's first remembered literary character was known as the "Halicarnassus Fisherman". After the formation of the Turkish Republic in 1923 Cevat Sakir Kabaagacli was exiled to Bodrum due to his unpopular political expressions.

His subsequent books and stories about life in Bodrum attracted like minded romantics to the town and were largely responsible for creating the Bohemian atmosphere Bodrum enjoys today. In fact although mostly unknown outside Turkey, Cevat Sakir Kabaagacli ranks with King Mausolus as one of Bodrum's most famous residents.ou are never far from the sea anywhere on the Bodrum peninsula, making Bodrum itself an ideal starting point from which to visit the many peaceful havens along its beautiful coastline.

In August the average daily air temperature is 33 C with warm seas of 25 C, perfect for any aquatic activity.To be truthful, beaches in the Bodrum area are not the best in Turkey, tending to be rather narrow and shingly. However, in every village or resort, in front of hotels and seaside restaurants, there are wooden jetties for sunbathing, free for everyone's enjoyment. There is never a lack of comfortable, uncrowded space for swimming and sunbathing. Another plus is that the rent-a-bed bunch are not to be seen. While some hotels do reserve their sun beds for their own guests, first come first served is the rule on local beaches.

It is difficult to find cleaner, clearer water than that on the Turkish coast. No matter where you go, visibility is always excellent. This combined with an absence of heavy seas or strong tides and currents make the Bodrum area a swimmer's and snorkeler's paradise. For those interested in spending more time underwater than one breath there are several scuba diving centers in the area offering instruction and equipment hire, for the beginner or expert.
Recently declared one of the world's best windsurfing areas by a popular windsurfing magazine, you are never far from a board anywhere on the peninsula.Windsurf schools and rental facilities abound, particularly in Gumbet and Bitez. If you're after speed and thrills of a different kind, water-skiing, jetskiing and parasailing are also available on several beaches.As a major boat building and yachting center it is only fitting that you can enjoy boating from almost anywhere on the peninsula. From canoes and pedaloes to luxury motorsailers, all types of craft are
Perhaps the most inexpensive aquatic excursions are the numerous dayboat trips.
Locally captained and crewed these boats make a day of it; stopping at the best swimming areas on the way and usually calling at a seaside restaurant for lunch.
One popular stop on such excursions is "Karaada" or Black Island, where warm springs flow from a shoreline cave into a walled-in pool jutting into the sea. In addition, daily or weekly charters may be enjoyed on literally dozens of yachts, be they the traditional Turkish gulet, for motor sailing comfort, or modern sailing yachts, for those interested in serious sailing.If you prefer to spend your holiday ashore, there's plenty to do for the landlubber as well.
Turkey is the proud possessor of more recognized historical and archaeological sites than any other country in the world. Bodrum's Aegean location offers the opportunity to see some of the best. From the spectacular ancient city of Ephesus or the unique Temple of Apollo at Didyma to quaint and secluded Iasus, a two thousand-year trip into the past is only a few hours away. Travelling by organized tour, rent-a-car or public bus, numerous spectacular sites are close enough to be visited easily in a day.
Bodrum's own history is second to none. Birth place of Heredotus (the "Father of History"); home of Mausolus, entombed in one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World; and visited by Alexander The Great (who enjoyed a lengthy stay), Bodrum is a unique combination of ancient and modern.Sites not to be missed in Bodrum itself include the Mausoleum, the amphitheater on the hill above town and the early fifteenth century Castle of St. Peter
Spectacular in its own right with its lush gardens, massive stone works and diverse towers, the Castle also houses a world famous museum of underwater archaeology.If you like to shop then Bodrum is for you. Leather is abundant, in the latest fashions and at excellent prices. Turkey is one of the world's largest carpet producers and traditional hand made carpets are priced considerably less than abroad. Hand made jewelry, brass, copper, woodcrafts and gifts are plentiful and sales are usually conducted over a friendly glass of tea and a serious discussion about price. Turkey is also a large textile producer and modern sportswear can be had at significant savings. The local tailors are perfectly willing to custom make clothing to size, be it traditional Turkish trousers "shalvar" or a copy of the latest casual evening wear.Market day in Bodrum presents an opportunity to experience a real Turkish bazaar.

Ever Thursday and Friday farmers and tradesman from surrounding villages bring their produce and wares to the Bodrum bazaar. Worth a visit for the atmosphere alone, fantastic bargains can be found on everything from fresh fruit, cheeses and aromatic herbs and spices, to carpets, clothing and shoes.As Bodrum has become more popular over the past few years services have steadily improved, creating in Bodrum a complete self contained community for visitors and residents alike. Doctors, dentists, laundries, car repair, shops and utilities now cater for almost every need.Visiting yachtsmen are now provided with the services of the Karada Bodrum Marina, whether staying for a night or a season.
The new three hundred and fifty-berth marina offers every service a yachtsman could ask for, resulting in many boat owners berthing here permanently.Bodrum is definitely growing, with Turks and foreigners alike attracted to its warm, relaxing atmosphere. Growth inevitably brings change, but fortunately some things will always stay the same. In Bodrum you can always count on the sunny weather, the warm hospitality of its residents, the sight of a fully laden camel wending its way through the back streets and from the top of the minarets, the wailing cry of the muezzin, calling the faithful to prayer.


Kusadasi, or Birds’ Island, is known as a “fisher- men’s village. Originally it is a quiet garden where farmers harvested thyme, sage, wild roses, figs, grapes and olives. It is - and we hope it will stay long - an animated village.

Kusadasi has an unimpressive beach, however, the waterfront promenade makes for a great sunset stroll. Ladies Beach, a topless beach, is located 3.5kms south of town. Acting as a buffer between the Greek island of Samos and the Turkish mainland, Dilek National Park offers some isolated beaches with pine trees. Perhaps the main attraction of a trip to Kusadasi is a journey to the nearby ruins of Ephesus. Other significant ancient sites in the area include: Miletus, Priene, and Didyma.

Kusadasi was ruled by the Ottoman Empire after the invasion of Sultan Mehmet Celebi in the year 1413. During the reign of Ottomans, glorious new structures were built in Kusadasi Okuz Mehmet Pasa Caravanserai is the principal legacy of the Ottoman architecture in the city, and was built by the man of the same name, who was the vizier during the reigns of Sultan Ahmet1 and Osman2. The fortress is gates and walls and many mosques in the centre of Kusadasi, as well as the citadel of the castle in Pigeon Island, were built in the Ottoman period, reflecting the architectural style of the era. "Kusadasi " that means "bird island" and took its name from Pigeon Island.

Kusadasi is the heart of the Turkish Aegean seaside. It is one of the most beautiful places for recreation and fun holidays. Thanks to the marina and great harbor, Kusadasi is a favorite calling place for yachts and tour vessels with the result that there are many good shopping opportunities to be found. Also is a a very good start point for trips at Ephesus, Pamukkale, Miletos, etc.

Turkey’s national language is Turkish. In Turkey, especially in Kusadasi, most people can speak English and also some can speak some other foreign languages such as German, French, Italian and other languages. The national currency is the Turkish Lira (TL). But currencies like USD, GBP, or DEM are universally accepted at various places at current exchange rates.Foreign currencies and travellers cheques can be changed all over Kusadasi in banks, hotels and money exchange offices. Banks are open nationwide Monday through Friday except public holidays between 8:30 am and 17:00 pm. Some banks and money exchange offices remain open until midnight, especially in summer.. Major international credit cards, such as Visa, MasterCard, Maestro, American Express and Dinners Club are accepted by all major banks, restaurants, hotels and shops.

In Kusadasi, your have the perfect mix of Eastern mysticism and modern western technology that is one of the reasons why Kusadasi is a shopper’s paradise and why shopping remains a top tourist attraction. Kusadasi is one of those remarkable places where shopping is a not just a journey around shops. Its more like a journey for your personal gain.

You will enjoy the fun of bargaining while a smiling salesman speaks many languages negotiating for their goods while you still feel at home. Shopping is high on most Kusadasi itineraries and deservedly so as it creates competitive prices. All this helps to make your spending spree a memorable experience.

One of the delights of shopping in Kusadasi is that most shops are open seven days a week There are no set hours of business but generally shops in Kusadasi remain open from 09:00 am to 12:00 AM in summer. Every Tuesday and Friday there is a large open market that sells locally grown fruit, vegetables, household items, Turkish embroideries and textiles.After the First World War, Kusadasi was invaded by the Greeks (1919). The city won a long struggle and in 1922 and became a part of Turkish Republic. Izmir was the capital of Kusadasi until 1954. Then the capital was changed to Aydin and the city of Kusadasi has shown a good deal of development, especially in tourism.

Today, Kusadasi is one of Turkey's most sophisticated holiday centres; it is a perfect place for vacation with its sandy beaches and glassy water. The contrast between the lively holiday life and the quietness of the ancient ruins create the special atmosphere of the city
The beaches in Kusadasi guarantees endless fun & unlimited sunbathing during your holiday....

1-Kusadasi City Beach: Located in the Kusadasi Centrum, the sandy beach provides a perfect environment.

2-Pigeon Island Beach: A private beach, situated on the shore of the island. Ideal for the swimmers enjoying translucent and deep waters of the Aegean.Pigeon Island Beach
3-Yilanciburnu Beach: A quiet beach, located on the peninsula behind Pigeon Island. It can be reached by Kadinlar Denizi (Ladies Beach) minibuses in every 5 minutes.Yilanciburnu Beach

4-Ladies Beach: The powdery sandy beach of Ladies Beach provides excellent entertaining within its borders. Kadinlar Denizi (Ladies Beach) minibuses departure from the city Centrum in every 5 minutes.Ladies Beach in Kusadasi
5-Long Beach: The long sandy beach and crystal-clear water of Long Beach are ideal for swimming, water sports and peaceful resting. The beach is 6km south of Kusadasi, -between Batihan Hotel and Nazilli Site, and can be reached by Sahil Siteleri minibuses in every 5 minutes.Long Beach Davutlar / Kusadasi

6-Paradise Beach: Situated between Aykustur and Sokeliler site, Paradise Beach offers a perfect environment.Paradise Beach

7-National Park Beaches: The beaches are located 30km southwest of Kusadasi. Icmeler, Aydinlik, Kavakli and Karasu bays are the principals of the numerous secluded bays and coves in the park. Clear waters of the bays provides an opportunity to dive. Only Icmeler bay has the sandy beach. You will feel the real quietness while resting peacefully in the shades of the pines. National Park minibuses departures in every 30 minutes from Kusadasi.


Antalya is the largest city and year round Holiday resort on the Turkish Mediterranean coast. The Gulf is surrounded by the Taurus mountain range to the North and offers over 200 KM of beaches coves, bays, valleys, forests and picnic sites to explore and enjoy. Antalya is also one of those unique places in the world where it is possible in the same day, to Ski on Snow in the Morning and Sunbath on the Beach in the afternoon (without the aid of an aeroplane).The City itself is well worth exploring from its award winning modern marina, through the enchanting narrow winding streets of the old quarter (Kaleci) or along the modern Palm Lined boulevards this city caters to all tastes.
The region around Antalya are also well worth a visit, the resorts of Kemer, Beldibi, Belek, Kalkan, Kas, Side and Alanya are all within easy reach of the city as are the exquisite waterfalls of Manavgat or you can opt for a relaxing game of golf on one of the many courses in Belek, all available for pleasure, relaxation and fun.
In general, Turkey is a country rich in historical sights and Antalya is no exception to this rule, you can visit the birthplace of Santa Clause in Kas, or the ancient city of Aspendos with it’s well preserved Theater, Basilica and Aquaducts are but two historical sights within a stones throw of the city – but there are many many more.

Antalya also boasts a host of Restaurants, Bars, Cafes, Aqua Parks and of course Discos ensuring that all the family is entertained from dawn and well into the night, making this an ideal spot for your vacation, no matter how old or young.

Because of the archaeological and natural riches of the area, Antalya is also known as the Turkish Riviera. The sun, sea, nature and history combine to form a very popular resort, highlighted by some of the cleanest beaches in the Mediterranean. The 630 km shoreline of the province is liberally scattered with ancient cities, harbours, memorial tombs and beaches, secluded coves and lush forests, many of which are easily accessible from the city.

With its palm-lined boulevard, internationally-acclaimed marina, and old castle with traditional architecture, all set amidst a modern city, Antalya is a major tourist centre in Turkey. In addition to the wide selection of hotels, restaurants, bars, nightclubs and shops, the city also plays host to a number of sporting events throughout the year, like International Beach Volleyball, triathlon, golf tournaments, archery, tennis and canoeing competitions. The Cultural Centre, which opened in 1995, hosts cultural and art events in the fields of music, theatre, and creative arts. The main area of interest in the city is central old quarter within the Roman walls, known as Kaleici, and there are many good museums.
Districts: Akseki, Alanya, Elmali, Finike, Gazipasa, Gundogmus, Ibradi, Kale, Kas, Kemer, Korkutali, Kumluca, Manavgat and Serik are all towns in the province of Antalya.

After Alanya, Akseki is the oldest district in the province of Antalya, and has an appearance that befits its location in the rugged Taurus mountains, in a forested and very rocky area. The history of Akseki extends back to the Roman era, when it was known as Marla (Marulya), and has been continually inhabited until the present day. The developments in the tourism sector in the Antalya region in recent years have been seen in Akseki as well. The area is well known for the snowdrop flower, and every years sees local and foreign visitors coming every winter to see these flowers breaking through the snow, as the first sign of spring.In the Giden Gelmez Mountains, goats are protected and limited hunting is available year-round with the purchase of a license. Another spot frequented by visitors is the trout farming facilities in the villages of Sinan hoca and Gumusdamla. The primary game in the area is mountain goat, rabbit, bear and fox.
Other areas worth visiting are the Goktepe Highland, Giden Gelmez Mountains, Cimi Highland, Irmak Valley and the 340-metre deep Bucaklan Cave, which has only recently been discovered. Buildings of interest are the Ulu Camii and medreses.


The exact founding date of Elmali, which is located within the borders of ancient Lycia, is unknown. Excavations to the east at Karatas near the village of Semahoyuk, and to the west in the village of Beyler indicate that the area has been inhabited seen the Bronze Age.Throughout history it has suffered the rising and falling fortune of the Lycian region, being ruled respectively by the Persian, Greek, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman empires.
Tumuluses There are several tumuluses in nearby villages. The first is west of the city in the village of Mugren, on top of which sits a small fortress dating back to the Roman era. Surface-level archaeological research indicates that the area was inhabited in the Bronze Age by various civilisations. Another village to the west, Semahoyuk, has a tumulus but due to the fact that an Ottoman cemetery is located on top of it, no research has been done. The third and largest tumulus is in Beyler, south of the city on the Elmali - Kas road. Excavations conducted here show that the area has been continuously inhabited from the Bronze Age right up to the present time. The items unearthed in the excavations are exhibited in the Antalya Museum.

East of the city 6 km from the village of Elmali near the village of Bayindir, there are several tumuluses side by side. Artifacts dating back to the 7th century BC were unearthed during the excavations. Now on display in a special section of the Antalya Museum, these findings represent a cross-section of life during that era. A statuette of pure silver and two of ivory bear witness to the fact that the art of sculpture in ancient Anatolia had reached a level of some sophistication.Memorial Tombs There are tombs in Karaburun and Kizilbel. The walls of the King's Tomb in Karaburun, on the Antalya - Elmali road, is decorated with frescoes of scenes of hunting and war. The tomb in Kizilbel is west of the city on the Elmali - Yuvayol road, and is a single room made of limestone blocks.

Define Described as the Treasure of the Century, this was discovered in 1984, just north of the Antalya - Elmali road between the King's Tomb and the village of Gokpinar. Consisting of 190 pieces of ancient silver coins, the treasure was smuggled to America by antique treasure thieves. It is still on display in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts as part of a private collection. The Athens Decadrachme, 14 pieces each worth US$600,000, is said to be the world's most valuable treasure find.Mosques The most interesting mosques in the area include Selcuklu Camii, Kutuk Camii, Sinan-i Ummi Camii, Omer Pasa Camii and medrese.

Located 67 km from Antalya, Korkuteli is surrounded by Antalya on the east, Burdur to the north, Mugla to the southwest and Elmali and Kumluca to the south. The effects of the Mediterranean climate can be felt here in this region of lakes but the further one goes inland, the more continental the climate becomes with cold winters and hot summers.3 km west of Korkuteli is the Alaaddin Mosque, only the door of which is still standing. In the same area is the Seljuk religious school which bears the name of its founde,r and was built by El Emin Sinaeddin of the Hamidogullari dynasty in 1319.


There are numerous ruins of ancient cities in the district of Gundogmus, 182 km from Antalya. The important ruins are those of Hagiasophia city, 7 km north of Guzel Bag Bucagi, but no excavations have been conducted here. There are also the ruins of Asar at Sumene (7 km from the city centre), Kese (2 km east of the village of Senir) and Gedfi (11 km southwest of Gundogmus).
Other places to visit in the area include the Cem Pasa Camii; the ruins on top of Sinek Mountain, 15 km east of the city centre between Gundogmus and Pembelik; and the ruins of Kazayir at Tasagir, on the Gundogmus - Antalya highway.

Situated 180 km from Antalya, Gazipasa is a charming little town with a beach 10 km long, beautiful forests and turquoise blue coves. Iskele, the site of the Koru and Kahyalar beaches, is an important breeding ground of the caretta caretta turtles. Mostly undeveloped up until the present time, Gazipasa is on its way to being an attractive tourist centre with accommodation, recreation facilities, an airport and yacht harbour still under construction, as well as the natural and historical treasures of the area.
Antiocheia Ad Cragum 18 km east of Gazipasa, and within the village of Guney, these ruins gets its name from the Commagene King Antiochus IV, and are found on the three hills that stretch out towards the sea. It has the ruins of a castle dating back to the Roman and Byzantine era, a column-lined boulevard, agora, baths, victory arch, a church and the city necropolis. The barrel-vaulted memorial tombs with their pre-entrance porticoes are well preserved and reflect a style peculiar to the region.
Adanda (Lamos) This ancient city is located 15 km northeast of Gazipasa, and was founded 2 km north of the present-day village of Adanda, on top of a high and steep hill. It is a walled city with a large tower south of the city gate, and among the ruins are a fountain carved into the living rock and two temples. Other significant ruins are the tombs in the necropolis made of single pieces of carved stone. These remains are a good representation of the culture and art of the mountainous Cilician region.

Nephelis This ancient ruin can be reached by going through the village of Muzkent 12 km out on the Gazipasa-Anamur road and taking the gravel road south for about 5 km. The southern area is surrounded by the sea and steep cliffs. The city consists of the acropolis and the remains of dwellings spread out in an east-west fashion. The only standing structures date back to the Roman and Byzantine periods and include a Medieval Castle, a temple, a musical hall, irrigation system and the necropolis.

Selinus Located on the slopes southwest of Hacimusa Creek by Gazipasa Beach, the ancient city of Selinus is one of the most important cities in the mountainous Cilician region. On top of the hill is the acropolis as well as the walls and towers of a medieval castle, which are fairly well preserved. In the Acropolis, a church and cistern have survived the ravages of time. The other buildings of Selinus are near the beach and on the slopes, among which are the baths, agora, Islami Yapi (mansion), aqueducts and the necropolis. Most of the bones in the Alanya Museum were brought from the Necropolis and allow the workshop in the museum to exist.

Situated on the plane formed by the silt carried down from the mountains by Alakir Creek and Gavur Brook, Kumluca is surrounded by the towns of Finike and Elmali. In the upper reaches of Alakir Creek fed by the springs coming from Onemli Mountains and the Beydaglar Mountains, there are trout and striped mullet.

DON'T LEAVE WITHOUT- Visiting the Antalya Museum- Walking up the gorge at Saklikent- Seeing the ruins at Perge and Termessos- Walking through Kaleici and the old houses of Antalya- Taking pictures of the snowdrops in Akseki - Buying a Dosemalti carpet- Tasting the local jams and jelliesDon't return...


Marmaris is one of the most attractive naturel harbours backed by the rugged pine-clad mountains,with an elegant palm lined promenade leading to a busy marina,splendid beached and acrystal clear sea which is ideal for swimming ,water sports and sailing.
Marmaris is one of the most beautiful resorts of the Aegean region and leading yachting centre of the East Mediterranean. Among Turks it is known us "Green Marmaris"becouse of its landscape that is covered with a pine forests.the Bay of Marmaris is a very well protected naturel post with a pier for ships and several marinas for hundreds of yacths from all over the world.
The town has many modern facilities for tourists apart form intact natural beauties.
Moreover the peaople of Marmaris always warmly welcome both the foreing and the local visitors.After dinner,along the seafront restourants or in and around the town ,you may want to spend the rest of the night at one of the lively bars,discos or nigth clubs located mainly at the Bar Street. There are many different types excursions ,which complement the vist to Marmaris. These may be half of full day tours ranging from canoe trips,horseback rides,treks,yacht tours,exploring villages ,jeep safari and visit to Ephesus,Pamukkale,Dalyan and Caunos.

Marmaris and its environs boast(have) the coastlines and bays as intricate as fine lace ,where the blue of sea and the sky , and the green of the pine forests embrace one another. Nature exhibits images one more spectacular than the other as far as the eye can see. Sites of natural beauty are available not only far a few months or a mere season,but encompass the whole year and welcome all nature lovers,local and foreigner alike.
Marmaris and its environs are also magnificent and beautiful in terms of nature ,as much as they are rich in and impressive in terms of the archaelogy that sheds light on this past. Aside from the natural beauty of the region,historic Caria and the countless ancient cities in some of their names still continue to elude us carry the centuries -old heritage to the present day. Ancient cities that can be reached and visited a day departing and returning to Marmaris pass on the cultural herştage of Anotalia ,the Aegean and the Mediterranean to the present day.

Marinas in and around Marmaris are as follws :
1- Setur Kuşadası Marina Capasity Afloat :Capasity Ashore 450,Karada 100,Uluslararası Havaalanı 50 km
2- Port Bodrum Yalıkavak Capasity Afloat :Capasity Ashore 550,Karada 100,Uluslararası Havaalanı 52 km
3- Bodrum D-Marin Turgutreis Marina Capasity Afloat :Capasity Ashore 475,Karada 50,
Uluslararası Havaalanı 30 km
4- Milta Bodrum Marina Capasity Afloat :Capasity Ashore 350,Karada 100,International Airport 120 km
5- Marmaris Martı Marina Capasity Afloat :Capasity Ashore 720,Karada 180,International Airport 100 km
6- Marmaris Netsel Marina Capasity Afloat :Capasity Ashore 600,Karada 800,International Airport 97 km7- Marmaris Yacht Marina Capasity Afloat :Capasity Ashore 205,Karada ,International Airport 26 km
8- Göcek İltur Club Marina Capasity Afloat :Capasity Ashore 400,Karada 180,International Airport 22 km
9- Port Göcek Marina Capasity Afloat :Capasity Ashore 85,Karada,International Airport 20 km 10- Göcek Skopea Marina Capasity Afloat :Capasity Ashore 400, International Airport 55 km

The Marmaris Fortress :
The Marmaris Fortress is located within the Kemeraltı neigbourhood ,and sits on a high mound by the seashore. Herodotus noted that the historic fortress was first built in 334 BC by the lonians. After alexander conquered the fortress,he had it repaired due to its importance.The passing years and various events wore down the fortress,and it was repaired together with the harbour first during the time of Ibrahim Bey of Menteşe then by Ghazi Ahmet Bey,sovereign of Marmaris. It is a graceful ,square grid structure.

The Marmaris Museum :
The Marmaris Museum opened its doors the public in 1991 and is located within the fortress at the city centre.The architectural structure of the fortress is very condocive to being a museum. The artfacts are displayed in two convered halls and in the garden ,in open air. The archaelogical artfacts exhibited in the two convered halls and in the garden has been gathared from the vicinity. Amphorae ,earthenware oil lamps ,glassartefacts weapons ,arrowheads,coins and ornaments from the Hellenistic ,Roman and displays include furniture ,carpets,kilims,ports and various kitchenwares from the later Ottoman period.

Carsi Market:
Nestled in the heart of the resort in the shadow of the Ottoman Castle ,the old Carsi Market offers the perferct antidote to out -of-town shoppng malls. The stalls in the old covered market are the place to look for something original ,of excellent quality and value for money. Sundays are busiests,with over 200 shops operating ,including a flea market. On weekdays between 11:00 and 16:00 hrs the markets varied shops are quieter ,expect at lunchtime ,when the choice of each places attracts the young crow. Copper and wooden decorations ,jewellery and regionally desşgned clothes are sold in the shops along the harbour and inside the castle. One of best place to by the famous jam and honey is at the Firiday Market, on the west side of town near the waterfront.
Thursday Market(the popular Friday Market):Marmaris Village Market sells fruits vegetables,fabrics and some clothes for men,women and children ,from street-cred ck-lub wear to fake designer goods and last year's must-haves. Some of its specialities are sports wear,linen,tablecloths and there has household goods,too. The market is held in and around G.Mustafa Muglali Caddesi and is open Thursday 09:00-18:00 and the best time to visit is late afternoon. Turkey is famous for textile products ,glassware ,leather,carpet,pottery ,pistachio and of course ,baklava and lokum(Turkish delight)!!!Local embroiders ,handcrafts are worth to mention.

Carpets :
Carpets are especially popular in Turkey and they are exported all over the word . the carpets are hand woven by village women and girls. Naturel eyes are used to create the lovely colours and each carpet tells its own story. Each region has its own patterns.A carpet can take up 5 years to make. You can choose from killims,sumacs,silk carpets are like paintings and the smaller one care made to hand on the walls. Silk carpets are like paintings and the smaller one care to mde to hand on the walls. Silk carpets are exquisite , and as you turn them towards the light, the colour changes it'sthe magic or the orient ! Prices depend on size, the thread and knots perm2. Carpets can enhance your house and be wonderful momentous of a special holiday.


The province of Canakkale lies on both sides of the Dardanelles which connects the Sea of Marmara to the Aegean Sea. Its shores touch both Europe (with the Gelibolu Peninsula) and Asia (with the Biga Peninsula) and there are ferries here between the two sides. The well-equipped Canakkale Marina, besides those of Karabiga, Gelibolu, Bozcaada and Kucukkuyu, hosts the colorful yachts which pass through the strait and make a stopover at Canakkale, to see this historical and mythological-rich area-homeland of many widely known legends. The province has witnessed two very important battles in history. One of them is the mythological war of Troy, which Homer immortalized in his Illiad.

Archeological digs in Troy (Truva) have proved that there had been nine separate periods of settlement. (3000 BC-AD 400). Here, one can see the ruins of city walls in addition to the Wooden Horse of Troy. The other one is the Battle of Canakkale which took place during World War I when Turkish troops under the command of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk maintained the defense of the region against enemy forces and Canakkale has taken its place in history as "Canakkale; unpassable". To honor the 500,000 soldiers who gave their lives at Gelibolu (Gallipoli), this peninsula has been made a national park of remembrance. There are memorial monuments here in surroundings of natural beauty.

The small village of Behramkale is a lovely place, facing the Gulf of Edremit. It is founded on the site of Assos where there is the famous Temple of Athena built in the 6th-century BC. The panoramic view of the Gulf from the top of the acropolis is breathtaking and the remains of Assos, surrounding the acropolis are worth visiting.Gokceada, the largest of the Turkish islands, and Bozcaada are also in this region and they have many camping facilities.City, northwestern Turkey, at the mouth of Koca River (the ancient Rhodius River), on the Asian side of the Dardanelles. Originally a 15th-century Ottoman fortress called Kale-i Sultaniye, it had by the 18th century developed a reputation for its pottery, whence its name (Turkish çanak, "pot," and kale, "fortress"). The pottery industry reached its peak in the 18th and 19th centuries and has now declined; but the city has become one of the chief centres of the Turkish fish-canning industry. It is connected by steamer service with Istanbul. Because of its location controlling the Dardanelles (Turkish: Çanakkale Bogazi), less than 1 mile (1.6 km) wide at that point, Çanakkale has always been strategically important. It was damaged by British bombardment during World War I. Pop. (1990 prelim.) 52,887.

Ancient Troy is famous for the legendary Trojan Horse from the times of an equally legendary couple: Helen and Paris. The remains of the city were excavated by Heinrich Schliemann, a German archeologist who used Homer’s Iliad to locate the site, and who also took all of the invaluable treasures he found there back to Germany with him. Homer had immortalized Troy with his immortal narration of the stories of King Priam, Hector, Paris and the beautiful Helen. Excavations revealed nine separate periods (layers) of settlement. The ruins include a temple, a theater and foundations. Today, a recent wooden copy of the famous Trojan Horse symbolically stands on the site to recall its legendary original since long vanished.The earliest - known inhabitants of the region lived in the Chalcolithic sites of Besiktepe and Kumtepe. They were followed by Trojans who lived in this land dating back from 3000 B.C. to 1200 B.C. without being influenced. After Troy had been sacked, Achaeans settled. During t he migrations across the Aegean Sea, some others came and settles. Finally, after the death of the Commander Roger De Flor, the Catalonians controlled the region but they handed it over to Turkish Beys after reaching an agreement with them.

It is located on a mound called "Hisarlik" on the south - east side of the plain of the River Scamander, where the Straits join with the Aegean and are tat-her narrow, within the boundaries of the Province of Canakkale. Troy is famous for different reasons. First, it is associated with the sagas of the Trojan War told by Homer in the "Iliad" and the “Odyses". Second, it is linked with the German excavator Schliemann who dug the ground the first time. At the end of the excavations nine cities have been unearthed. Later on they have been subdivided into 46 strata.

TROY 1 (3000-2500 B.C.)
This layer, which consists of ten strata, is the initial settlement of the Early Bronze Age. It occupies a small area. Judging from the walls, it may be considered that the city's civilization at the time surpassed the neighboring civilizations. One story - houses have been found during the excavations. As a construction material sun dried the people of Troy have used bricks.

TROY 11 (2500-2200 B.C.)

It is the first settlement where we see town planning first. The area covered by second city is larger than the first one. This settlement composed of seven layers. Stones were used as a construction material at the bases. The upper parts of walls were sun - dried clay bricks. The most interesting building from this period is the megaron house with the pillars. Troy 11 has been the center of contemporary civilization at the time. It ended in a raging fire.

TROY III (2200-MO B.C.)

The city, which covers a larger area than the previous one, is again surrounded by the walls. The settlement is not well planned, there are irregular blocks of ho- uses scattered on the site. The most striking feature of the period is that the stones were used in the construction of the city walls. The buildings became larger and developed. The base was earth. They were constructed on the ground.

TROY IV (2052-1900 B.C.)

This settlement, which has be- en founded on the second city, is about 17.000 square meters. This settlement was subdivided into five layers. Main future of the settlement is that the blocks of the houses were attached to each other. The most striking feature of the period is that by building birch houses based on stones, they have returned to the technique of the second city.

TROY V (1900-1800 B.C.)

We see a development both in the building technique and the workmanship in the construction of the walls and the houses. The walls are neat and well - designed. The houses consisted of a big hall, a courtyard, and a few rooms.

TROY VI (1800-1300 B.C.)

It was a very prominent Acropolis of the period with its strong walls, and very well - planned, beautiful houses. It consisted of 8 strata and was founded in the Middle Bronze Age; the layer is very different from the other layers. Both in the construction technique and the fortifications a big advance occurred. It can be sa- id that a kind of architectural technique was realized. Houses were not attached to each other. They advanced both in size and com- fort. Ten houses are still in a good condition surviving till our time on the site.

TROY VII / A (1300-1260 B.C.)

The most striking feature of the period is the pithoi in situ under the floors of the houses. It is believed that they were used to store food and liquid supplies for an emergency. The houses huddling together were roughly built. They raise one above the other in concentric circles. According to Carl W. Blegen this was Priam's city.

TROY VII B 1 (1260-1190 B.C.)

It was founded on Troy VII A. The debris of the devayed city varies from 0.50 meters to 1.00 meters. The style of the construction continued in this city.

TROY VII B 2 (1190-110 B.C.)

In this period we see that the new people settled in Troy changed the building technique. They combined the single roomed ho- uses. So they were enlarged to get more room. The most prominent feature of the buildings is the use of orthostats. They were used to strengthen the lower courses of the walls. Fire and left again destroyed it.

TROY IX (350-400 A.D.)

In this period the city spread and covered the whole monud. It was the biggest city ever known. -During the reign of Augustus the city was repaired. The temple of Athena was the most important building. It was erected on the mound in Doric order supported by a podium with three steps. Ro- man ruins are on the south - western section between the temple of Athena and the town walls. The Bouleuterion, theatre, and the auditorium all date from the Roman period.

It is about 11 km. from Canakkale near the Kalabakli stream in Maltepe. During the construction of summerhouses for the Cement Factory in 1959 a family tumulus was unearthed. This shed light on the history of the region. Findings date from archaic periods VII, VI. B.C. and the Roman period 11 A.D.


It is about 34 km. away Canakkale. It is in Yenikoy. it is not excavated year. In Classical Era Pisistratos and his son settled in this region.

It is located in the south of Nara Point and is about 2 km. away from Canakkale. The remains were unearthed in 1675. It was not excavated very well


It is an impressive work of art which gave its name to the pre- sent town. It was built by Mehmet Conqueror in the 15 th century. During the reign of Suleyman the Magnificent it was again repaired in 1551. It consists of two main parts, other walls and the central keep.


It is about 6 km. away from Canakkale. The construction of castle started in 1807 during the reign of Selim 111, but it was finished during the reign of Mahmut 11. In the construction of the walls the re- mains of Abyclos were used.


It is located on the southern edge of Canakkale Carsisi. It was built by Mehmet the Conqueror in 1452. It was renewed by the Sultan Abdulaziz in 1862 and 1863. It was enlarged and two more sections were added to the mosque after the minaret.


It is in the castle. Two of the walls and Mihrab (the niche) are in good condition.


It is about 10 km. away from Canakkale, on the road to Can. The remains of two castles facing each other can be seen.


It is famous the remains of Assos and Chryse.

Assos lies within the village of Behremkale. I is believed that Assos was founded by the people of Methymna in the 7th century B.C. a town on the island of Lesbos. Walls surround the Acropolis, built on a hill dominating both sea and land, about 3 km. in length. These walls were distinctively built at the time expressing different style and workmanship. The gateways, which were built in different design and character, are very interesting. The temple of Athena built on the highest points of the hill, the bouleterion, consisting of statuettes, small monumental buildings, and the gymnasium the theatre stoa and the necropolis from Roman period, and the agora are the finest examples of the period. Apart from Assos in Ayvacik; Chryse in GoIpinar Bahcelerici, the shrine of Apollo Smintheus with luted pillars which is one of three in Turkey (Didyma Apollon, Ephesus Artemis), the altar of Zeus in Adatepe, mentioned in Iliad by Homer, the Roman bridge in Golpinar, Babakale Mosque, built by Kaymak Mustafa Pasha in the seventeenth century, Hudavendigar Mosque, built on a hill near Assos, the stone bridge built over Tuzla stream are all historical ruins worth visiting.

Having the ruins of the Alexandria Troas and Neandria cities, the district is one of the most important settlement centers. An ancient harbor city, Alexandria Troas in Dalyan town, Neandria having its interesting ramparts and towers on the mountain of Cion near Kiyica town are the important ruins for the district. The first sample of Ottoman mosques is Abdurrahman Mosque in the district. Seher Sah Mosque and bath built during the period of Yildirim Beyazid in XIV. Century, Ahu Yunus Tomb in front of the Seher Sah Mosque, Aslihan Bey Complex with its mosque, bath and tomb is Kemali Village and Tuzla Complex with its school, mosque and bath have historical values coming from the past.

The district called Gallipolis in antique period is adorned with historical buildings during XIV. And XV. Centuries. Unfortunately the most was clestoreyed and the less reached today. It's estimated that Gallipolis was set up in VII Century B.C. Gallipolis Fortress constructed during antique time was restoration by Justiniaus I., Ulu Mosque (Hudavendigar Mosque) built during Murad L, Azebler Worship Place having majestic and royal image among the similar buildings, Yazicioglu Mosque, Sofca Halil Mosque, Ahmet Bican, Sarica Pasha and Yazicioglu Tombs are some of the historical works of art the dist- rict. Kasapoglu Alibey and Saruca Pasha Baths, Bolayir Gazi Suleyman Pasha Mosque and Tomb and also Namik Kemal's grave are the remarkable one in Gelibolu.
Unfortunately sufficient research has not been realized in the district wich has been important settlement area since the ancient times. Kebren in Akpinar and Cal- dap towns and Skepsis in Kursunlu town are the most famous historical ruins.
The district known as Pigas in X11 century was established on the area of old Pegae Adreste settled on the coast of Kocabas stream in Gumuscay subdistrict, Parium (Parion) near Kemer town and Pryapos in Karabiga sub district are the main ancient ruins on whish have not made detailed researches.

The district known as Teneclos has been mentioned on the famous epic poem, Iliad and Odyssey by Homer. The grave in the district found by excavations from Roman period VI century BC includes soil statues, pots and pans.Bozcaada Fortress built during


The sources of thermal wa ter for Pamukkale are about 20 km from Denizli. The ancient city of Hierapolis is also located in the same place. The water comes from underground karstic caverns and creates the cascades through precipitation of CaCO3 (calcium bicarbonate ) as the CO2 (carbon dioxide) evaporates.

Thermal spring water is beneficial for myocardium and cardiac complaints.The curative value of this thermal spring was understood in ancient times as well. It has been used for centuries. During the Roman Era religious ceremonies and festivals were held at the thermal pools, and important statesmen and rich people came to Hierapolis to be cured. Religious functionaries and ancient physicians administered healing.

The spring waters are rich in calcium, magnesium sulfate, bicarbonate and carbon dioxide. They also have a radioactive content of 1,537 picocuries/liter. The pH is 6.0.Travertine is a kind of rock which is formed as calcium bicarbonate precipitates out of hot spring water. It may be formed in many ways under different atmospheric conditions. Geological activity of the past affected a large area in which the Pamukkale thermal springs are found. There are 17 thermal sources in this special area with temperatures ranging between 35-100°C. The source of Pamukkale is only one unit of that whole area.

The thermal water flows to the top of the cascades by a 320-meter-long channel and then flows on the cascades about 240-300 m. CaCO3 begins to precipitate on the cascades as the carbon dioxide evaporates, but in the beginning the precipitate is soft like gel. It needs time to completely dry and harden. In order to protect the cascades from destruction and to preserve their natural beauty, entrance to the travertine area has been prohibited since 15 May 1997. .Weather conditions, the temperature of the water, and sufficient time for water tospread and flow are very important for the maintenance of white travertines.

Precipitation goes on until the levels of carbon dioxide in the thermal water and the surrounding air are balanced. While the quantity of CO2 is 725 mg/l in the source, it is only 125 mg/l at the end of the travertines. Calcium bicarbonate also decreases from 1200 mg/l to 400 mg/l, and calcium decreases from 576 to 8 mg/l. Analysis indicates that 499.9 mg of CaCO3 precipitates per liter of thermal water over the cascades. The average density of the thermal water is 1.48 g/cm3 with a flow rate of 466.2 liters/second. That means 43,191 grams of calcium bicarbonate precipitate from the thermal water per day.

Theoretically, that can whiten a 13,584 m2 area. However, whitening a 13,584 m2 area is practically very difficult. The whole travertine area currently covers 22,000 m2.There is an area called ''Domuz Çukuru'' which is about 3000 m2 on an old street which used to be connected to Pamukkale Town. It is free for tourists.Ions: Potassium (K) 13.5 mg, Sodium (Na) 332.3 mg, Calcium (Ca) 464.5 mg, Magnesium (Mg) 911 mg, Iron (Fe) 0.036 mg, Aluminum (Al) 2.34 mg.Anions: Chlorinate (CL) 53, Nitrate (NO3), Sulfate (SO4) 675.5, Hydro phosphate (HPO4) 1.08, Hydro Carbonate (HCO3) 1045.3.

Thermal Water Spring

Red TravertinesThe Thermal Source is in Karahayıt Town about 5 km north of Pamukkale and also a part of the Pamukkale Thermal Sources System.

The water composition resembles that of Pamukkale Thermal Sources, but it is warmer and has less CO2. There are three sources. The first one is 420C, the second is 50 0C and the third source is 56 0C. The water also has mildly radioactive elements.

The thermal water is good for the heart, hardening of the arteries, high blood pressure, rheumatism, sciatica, skin and nerve diseases.Thermal Water Contents: The water has calcium (466.000), bicarbonate (1329,569), sodium (114,950), iron (2,485), potassium (32,883), magnesium (131,344), carbon dioxide (730,40) mg and radioactivity is 183,14.There are several oxides in thermal water.

That's why the water has formed different colored travertines according to its contents.Karahayıt used to be just a local tourist destination, but nowadays it is an international destination because many hotels have been built. Karahayyt Town is almost as important as Pamukkale.The Karahayıt Red Cascades cover about 500 m2. The cascades are one of the most interesting places to see in Denizli.